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[212], The city's top cultural attraction in 2019 was the Basilica of Sacré-Cœur (11 million visitors), followed by the Louvre (9.6 million visitors); the Eiffel Tower (6.1 million visitors); the Centre Pompidou (3.5 million visitors); and the Musée d'Orsay (3.3 million visitors). When inner-city burials were condemned from 1786, the contents of all Paris' parish cemeteries were transferred to a renovated section of Paris's stone mines outside the "Porte d'Enfer" city gate, today place Denfert-Rochereau in the 14th arrondissement. With Paris's growth many of these, particularly the city's largest cemetery, the Holy Innocents' Cemetery, were filled to overflowing, creating quite unsanitary conditions for the capital. After the marshland between the river Seine and its slower 'dead arm' to its north was filled in around the 10th century,[34] Paris' cultural centre began to move to the Right Bank. The Moulin Rouge was opened in 1889. The timezone in Paris is GMT+1, like most European countries, except UK and Portugal. Real bistros are increasingly rare in Paris, due to rising costs, competition from cheaper ethnic restaurants, and different eating habits of Parisian diners. Almost all the books published in Paris in the Middle Ages were in Latin, rather than French. Another district, including Boulogne-Billancourt, Issy-les-Moulineaux and the southern part of the 15th arrondissement, is a centre of activity for the media and information technology.[189]. The city lures with its magnificent art, architecture, culture, and cuisine, but there’s also a quieter magic waiting to be explored: the quaint cobbled lanes, the sweet patisseries around the corner, and the cozy little bistros that beckon with a glass of Beaujolais. [246] Patrons danced the bourrée to the accompaniment of the cabrette (a bellows-blown bagpipe locally called a "musette") and often the vielle à roue (hurdy-gurdy) in the cafés and bars of the city. The population of Paris today is lower than its historical peak of 2.9 million in 1921. [228] It is famous for its dinosaur artefacts, mineral collections and its Gallery of Evolution. [207] Generally speaking, incomes are higher in the Western part of the city and in the western suburbs than in the northern and eastern parts of the urban area. The hospitals receive more than 5.8 million annual patient visits.[326]. E-mail: There are also notable museums devoted to individual artists, including the Musée Picasso, the Musée Rodin and the Musée national Eugène Delacroix. If suburbs are counted, the population of the Paris area rises to 12 million people. [248][249] Several yearly festivals take place in Paris, including the Paris Jazz Festival and the rock festival Rock en Seine. [108], For almost all of its long history, except for a few brief periods, Paris was governed directly by representatives of the king, emperor, or president of France. The name 'Paris' is derived from its early inhabitants, the Gallic Parisii tribe. [95], Paris is located in northern central France, in a north-bending arc of the river Seine whose crest includes two islands, the Île Saint-Louis and the larger Île de la Cité, which form the oldest part of the city. Christmas and New Year are definitely getting closer and Paris has an array of festivities and special events in store for visitors. Paris was central to the development of Romanticism in art, with painters such as Gericault. Painting and sculpture became the pride of the French monarchy and the French royal family commissioned many Parisian artists to adorn their palaces during the French Baroque and Classicism era. The Musée national du Moyen Âge, or Cluny Museum, presents Medieval art, including the famous tapestry cycle of The Lady and the Unicorn. [45] Other marks of his reign were the Collège des Quatre-Nations, the Place Vendôme, the Place des Victoires, and Les Invalides. In modernising its infrastructure through the centuries, Paris has preserved even its earliest history in its street map. ParisInfo : Des informations pratiques pour organiser votre voyage et votre séjour à Paris : hôtels et hébergements, monuments à Paris, restaurants, événements, shopping, sorties… [326] It is the largest hospital system in Europe. [257]Big multiplex cinemas have been built since the 1990s. more info click here, Concept stores, designer goods and arty shopping, Enjoy a chef-created meal in Paris this festive season, Internet, telephone and postal services in France, Christmas in Paris: reductions and good deals, Lockdown in Paris: addresses for eating at home like at a restaurant, Virtual games and activities for kids in Parisian museums, The Paris Tourist Office is also on the social networks! [55], During the Restoration, the bridges and squares of Paris were returned to their pre-Revolution names, but the July Revolution of 1830 in Paris, (commemorated by the July Column on Place de la Bastille), brought a constitutional monarch, Louis Philippe I, to power. [100], Paris has a typical Western European oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb), which is affected by the North Atlantic Current. In this travel guide, you’ll find out about the city’s top attractions, as well as useful travel advice on how to get to Paris and how to save money whilst traveling. They are also pejoratively called Parigots ([paʁiɡo] (listen)). Run by the Government of France, it performs mostly French classics at the Salle Richelieu in the Palais-Royal at 2 rue de Richelieu, next to the Louvre. [55] Napoleon Bonaparte replaced the elected government of Paris with a prefect reporting only to him. [253] Other singers—of similar style—include Maurice Chevalier, Charles Aznavour, Yves Montand, as well as Charles Trenet. All the information to visit Paris with a disability. [239][verification needed], In the 20th century, the Paris literary community was dominated by figures such as Colette, André Gide, François Mauriac, André Malraux, Albert Camus, and, after World War II, by Simone de Beauvoir and Jean-Paul Sartre. The city was not granted municipal autonomy by the National Assembly until 1974. The climate of Paris and the region of Île-de-France is temperate and influenced by the Atlantic Ocean: it is quite cold but not freezing in winter and pleasantly warm in summer. [320][321] The process of moving bones from the Cimetière des Innocents to the catacombs took place between 1786 and 1814;[322] part of the network of tunnels and remains can be visited today on the official tour of the catacombs. The Guimet Museum, or Musée national des arts asiatiques, has one of the largest collections of Asian art in Europe. [162], Paris is the fourth largest municipality in the European Union, following Berlin, Madrid and Rome. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Vans of CRS agents are frequently seen in the centre of the city when there are demonstrations and public events. [115], The mayor of Paris is elected indirectly by Paris voters; the voters of each of the city's 20 arrondissements elect members to the Conseil de Paris (Council of Paris), which subsequently elects the mayor. The Médiathèque Musicale Mahler in the 8th arrondissement opened in 1986 and contains collections related to music. Paris City guide. [157], The Paris agglomeration's urban sociology is basically that of 19th-century Paris: its fortuned classes are situated in its west and southwest, and its middle-to-lower classes are in its north and east. The council is divided between a coalition of the left of 91 members, including the socialists, communists, greens, and extreme left; and 71 members for the centre-right, plus a few members from smaller parties. [36] In 1190, he transformed Paris' former cathedral school into a student-teacher corporation that would become the University of Paris and would draw students from all of Europe. In the late 12th century, a school of polyphony was established at Notre-Dame. The largest sectors of activity in the central business district were finance and insurance (16 percent of employees in the district) and business services (15 percent). Since 1975, the race has finished on the Champs-Elysées.[285]. The southern Essonne department specialises in science and technology,[194] and the south-eastern Val-de-Marne, with its wholesale Rungis food market, specialises in food processing and beverages. Paris News.Net . According to the INSEE, between 4 and 5 million French residents were born or had at least one parent born in a predominantly Muslim country, particularly Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. Home to historical monuments such as Notre Dame, the Eiffel tower (320m), Bastille, Louvre and many more. [197], According to 2015 INSEE figures, 68.3 percent of employees in the City of Paris work in commerce, transportation, and services; 24.5 percent in public administration, health and social services; 4.1 percent in industry, and 0.1 percent in agriculture. [35] The latter location housed the headquarters of Paris' river trade corporation, an organisation that later became, unofficially (although formally in later years), Paris' first municipal government. Only 33 percent of principal residence Parisians own their habitation (against 47 percent for the entire Île-de-France): the major part of the city's population is a rent-paying one. [217] In the Paris region, Disneyland Paris, in Marne-la-Vallée, 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of the centre of Paris, received 9.66 million visitors in 2017. In 2010, it was the workplace of 500,000 salaried employees, about 30 percent of the salaried employees in Paris and 10 percent of those in the Île-de-France. 11:05 Paris UT+2, 95% [252] On 19 December 2015, Paris and other worldwide fans commemorated the 100th anniversary of the birth of Edith Piaf—a cabaret singer-songwriter and actress who became widely regarded as France's national chanteuse, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars. Paris (Paris, Paris, France) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information. [203], The average net household income (after social, pension and health insurance contributions) in Paris was €36,085 for 2011. Sculptors such as Girardon, Coysevox and Coustou acquired reputations as the finest artists in the royal court in 17th-century France. [113], The budget of the city for 2018 is 9.5 billion Euros, with an expected deficit of 5.5 billion Euros. The regional council has 121 members from the Union of the Right, 66 from the Union of the Left and 22 from the extreme right National Front. The council is composed of 163 members, with each arrondissement allocated a number of seats dependent upon its population, from 10 members for each of the least-populated arrondissements (1st through 9th) to 34 members for the most populated (the 15th). The Forney Library, in the Marais district, is dedicated to the decorative arts; the Arsenal Library occupies a former military building, and has a large collection on French literature; and the Bibliothèque historique de la ville de Paris, also in Le Marais, contains the Paris historical research service. Paris News.Net. More than 100 arrested during anti security law protests in France. [195], In 2018, Paris was the most expensive city in the world with Singapore and Hong Kong. ", | Where we are | publisher | accessed on 30 August 2016, "La Défense, Europe's largest business district", "Île-de-France Region – Complete dossier", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Région d'Île-de-France (11)", "En Île-de-France, 39 poles d'emploi structurent l'economie régionale", "L'Île-de-France, une des régions les plus riches d'Europe", "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge", "Produits Intérieurs Bruts Régionaux (PIBR) en valeur en millions d'euros", "L'Industrie en Île-de-France, Principaux Indicateurs Régionaux", "Classement.Singapour, Hong Kong, Paris : le trio des villes les plus chères du monde", "Station F, the world's largest startup campus opens in Paris", "Département de Paris (75056) – Dossier complet", "Île-de-France – A la Page Nº288 – INSEE 2007", "Emplois au lieu de travail – Département de Paris (75)", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Département de la Seine-Saint-Denis (93)", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Département des Hauts-de-Seine (92)", "Arrondissement municipal de Paris 19e Arrondissement (75119)", "Arrondissement municipal de Paris 7e Arrondissement (75107)", "Structure et distribution des revenus, inégalité des niveaux de vie en 2013", "Neighborhoods of Paris with more than 40 percent living below poverty line", "The World's Most-Visited City Is Bangkok", "Saint-Denis Basilica, royal necropolis of France", "Global ranking of manufacturers of luxury goods", "Indicateurs départementaux et régionaux sur les diplômes et la formation en 2009", "At These Parisian Landmarks, Shhh Is the Word", "Métro2030, notre nouveau métro de Paris", "Bulletin statistique, trafic aérien commercial – année 2014", "Histoire d'Aéroports de Paris de 1945 à 1981", "Air passenger transport between the main airports of France and their main partner airports (routes data)", "International intra-EU air passenger transport by main airports in each reporting country and EU partner country", "International extra-EU air passenger transport by main airports in each reporting country and partner world regions and countries", "Paris to be heated with US wood pellets", "Les célébrités du cimetière du Père Lachaise à Paris", "Roma – Relazioni Internazionali Bilaterali", "Hey, is San Francisco Really a "Sister City" of Paris, France? The 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Gare du Nord Welcome Desk Inside Gare du Nord station, under the glass roof of the Île-de-France departure and arrival area (eastern end of station). For other uses, see, Clockwise from top: skyline of Paris on the, Capitals of European states and territories. [60], By 1901, the population of Paris had grown to 2,715,000. In 1911, the dance hall Olympia Paris invented the grand staircase as a settling for its shows, competing with its great rival, the Folies Bergère. More than half had been homeless for more than a year. [121][123] The first president of the metropolitan council, Patrick Ollier, a Republican and the mayor of the town of Rueil-Malmaison, was elected on 22 January 2016. Bars and restaurants will remain closed in France until at least January 20th. [323] Open from 1804, these were the cemeteries of Père Lachaise, Montmartre, Montparnasse, and later Passy; these cemeteries became inner-city once again when Paris annexed all neighbouring communes to the inside of its much larger ring of suburban fortifications in 1860. The word was most likely created by Parisians of the lower popular class who spoke *argot*, then *parigot* was used in a provocative manner outside the Parisian region and throughout France to mean Parisians in general. Paris' most popular sport clubs are the association football club Paris Saint-Germain F.C. The National Institute of Sport and Physical Education, located in the 12th arrondissement, is both a physical education institute and high-level training centre for elite athletes. [275], The University of Paris, founded in the 12th century, is often called the Sorbonne after one of its original medieval colleges. [69], On 14 June 1940, the German army marched into Paris, which had been declared an "open city". For example, after the LGV Méditerranée opened in 2001, air traffic between Paris and Marseille declined from 2,976,793 passengers in 2000 to 1,502,196 passengers in 2014. [122][123], The new structure is administered by a Metropolitan Council of 210 members, not directly elected, but chosen by the councils of the member Communes. [247] Django Reinhardt rose to fame in Paris, having moved to the 18th arrondissement in a caravan as a young boy, and performed with violinist Stéphane Grappelli and their Quintette du Hot Club de France in the 1930s and 1940s. [17] The city's name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. The provisional unemployment rate in the whole Paris Region was higher: 8.0 percent, and considerably higher in some suburbs, notably the Department of Seine-Saint-Denis to the east (11.8 percent) and the Val-d'Oise to the north (8.2 percent). [31] As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born. Telephone: (+33 1) 4059 3300. In 2012, 14 percent of households in the city earned less than €977 per month, the official poverty line. The first railway line to Paris opened in 1837, beginning a new period of massive migration from the provinces to the city. This is a world! [85], Between July and October 1995, a series of bombings carried out by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria caused 8 deaths and more than 200 injuries. [329] Agence France-Presse is France's oldest, and one of the world's oldest, continually operating news agencies. [140] The high residential population of its city centre also makes it much different from most other western major cities.[141]. Every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris. [204] It ranged from €22,095 in the 19th arrondissement[205] to €82,449 in the 7th arrondissement. [20] Since the late 19th century, Paris has also been known as Panam(e) (pronounced [panam]) in French slang. and the rugby union clubs Stade Français and Racing 92, the last of which is based just outside the city proper. Romantic-era composers (in Paris) include Hector Berlioz (La Symphonie fantastique), Charles Gounod (Faust), Camille Saint-Saëns (Samson et Delilah), Léo Delibes (Lakmé) and Jules Massenet (Thaïs), among others. [220], In addition to hotels, in 2019 Greater Paris had 60,000 homes registered with Airbnb. [96], Measured from the 'point zero' in front of its Notre-Dame cathedral, Paris by road is 450 kilometres (280 mi) southeast of London, 287 kilometres (178 mi) south of Calais, 305 kilometres (190 mi) southwest of Brussels, 774 kilometres (481 mi) north of Marseille, 385 kilometres (239 mi) northeast of Nantes, and 135 kilometres (84 mi) southeast of Rouen. [58], Late in the 19th century, Paris hosted two major international expositions: the 1889 Universal Exposition, was held to mark the centennial of the French Revolution and featured the new Eiffel Tower; and the 1900 Universal Exposition, which gave Paris the Pont Alexandre III, the Grand Palais, the Petit Palais and the first Paris Métro line. [263] A bistro is a type of eating place loosely defined as a neighbourhood restaurant with a modest decor and prices and a regular clientele and a congenial atmosphere. Its stars in the 1920s included the American singer and dancer Josephine Baker. [209], While Paris has some of the richest neighbourhoods in France, it also has some of the poorest, mostly on the eastern side of the city. [228] The National Museum of Natural History located near the Jardin des plantes attracted two million visitors in 2018. [43], During the 17th century, Cardinal Richelieu, chief minister of Louis XIII, was determined to make Paris the most beautiful city in Europe. In 1137, a new city marketplace (today's Les Halles) replaced the two smaller ones on the Île de la Cité and Place de la Grève (Place de l'Hôtel de Ville). The Eiffel Tower was supposed to be a temporary installation, intended to stand for 20 years after … However the city is known for intermittent abrupt heavy showers. A war against Communist insurgents in French Indochina, now Vietnam, was abandoned … The rivers Loire, Rhine, Rhone, Meuse, and Scheldt can be reached by canals connecting with the Seine, which include the Canal Saint-Martin, Canal Saint-Denis, and the Canal de l'Ourcq.[301]. INSEE – Unemployment by region and department, first trimester of 2018 (Provisional figures) (retrieved 31 July 2018), Taxable income by "consumption unit" as defined by INSEE, see, TEA-AECOM Theme Index 2017: Amusement Parks Worldwide, Paris Tourism Key Figures 2018; Paris Convention and Visitors Bureau, Place de la Grève (Place de l'Hôtel de Ville), a series of coordinated bomb and gunfire terrorist attacks in Paris and Saint-Denis, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, European Union Institute for Security Studies, International Bureau of Weights and Measures, International Federation for Human Rights, List of tallest buildings and structures in the Paris region, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, European Securities and Markets Authority, Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, École des hautes études en sciences sociales, National Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Bibliothèque historique de la ville de Paris, 5th busiest airport in the world by international traffic, List of twin towns and sister cities in France, International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts, "INSEE official estimated population by department and region as of 1 January 2019", "Dossier complet − Unité urbaine de Paris (00851)", "Dossier complet − Aire urbaine de Paris (001)", Singapour, Hong Kong, Paris : le trio des villes les plus chères du monde, "Revealed: The world's most expensive (and cheapest) cities for 2018", "List: The world's 20 busiest airports (2017)", "ACI reveals the world's busiest passenger and cargo airports", "The 51 busiest train stations in the world – all but 6 located in Japan", "9,6 millions de visiteurs au Louvre en 2019", "Art's Most Popular: here are 2019's most visited shows and museums", "Important Destinations for the Beat Generation", "France remembers Algerian massacre 50 years on", "Les berges de Seine rendues aux Parisiens", "Sarko's €35bn rail plan for a 'Greater Paris, "€26.5bn Grand Paris metro expansion programme confirmed", "French Court Sentences 2 for Role in 1995 Bombings That Killed 8", "Attentats terroristes : les questions que vous nous avez le plus posées", "Les politiques s'affichent à la marche républicaine", "Islamic State claims Paris attacks that killed 127", "Terror attacks timeline: From Paris and Brussels terror to most recent attacks in Europe", "Paris Orly airport attacker was 'radicalised Muslim, "Paris shooting: Marine Le Pen calls for all French terror suspects to be expelled after Champs Elysees attack", "Car rams police van on Champs-Elysees, armed suspect dead", "Visiting Paris in the Winter: A Complete Guide", "Weather in France – Climate and Temperatures of French Cities", "42.6 °C à Paris : record absolu de chaleur battu ! [231] In middle of the 19th century, there were three other active and competing opera houses: the Opéra-Comique (which still exists), Théâtre-Italien and Théâtre Lyrique (which in modern times changed its profile and name to Théâtre de la Ville). [80], Most of the postwar's Presidents of the Fifth Republic wanted to leave their own monuments in Paris; President Georges Pompidou started the Centre Georges Pompidou (1977), Valéry Giscard d'Estaing began the Musée d'Orsay (1986); President François Mitterrand, in power for 14 years, built the Opéra Bastille (1985–1989), the new site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (1996), the Arche de la Défense (1985–1989), and the Louvre Pyramid with its underground courtyard (1983–1989); Jacques Chirac (2006), the Musée du quai Branly. France is bordered by 7 countries: by Belgium and Luxembourg in the northeast; by Germany, Switzerland and Italy in the east; and by Spain and Andorra in the south. [206] The median taxable income for 2011 was around €25,000 in Paris and €22,200 for Île-de-France. [156], These areas, quartiers sensibles ("sensitive quarters"), are in northern and eastern Paris, namely around its Goutte d'Or and Belleville neighbourhoods. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Paris was the largest Catholic city in the world. [159], A further 103,648 in the City of Paris and in 412,114 in the Paris Region were born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth. [194] Paris region manufacturing specialises in transportation, mainly automobiles, aircraft and trains, but this is in a sharp decline: Paris proper manufacturing jobs dropped by 64 percent between 1990 and 2010, and the Paris region lost 48 percent during the same period. By the end of the 12th century, Paris had become the political, economic, religious, and cultural capital of France. [249], Immediately after the War the Saint-Germain-des-Pres quarter and the nearby Saint-Michel quarter became home to many small jazz clubs, mostly found in cellars because of a lack of space; these included the Caveau des Lorientais, the Club Saint-Germain, the Rose Rouge, the Vieux-Colombier, and the most famous, Le Tabou. Paris Tourist Information and Tourism (Paris, Ile-de-France, France) Paris, France is one of the most fascinating and romantic cities in Europe, and tourists visiting this wonderful city will find that things to see and do are almost limitless. [53] A succession of revolutionary factions ruled Paris until 9 November 1799 (coup d'état du 18 brumaire), when Napoléon Bonaparte seized power as First Consul. France News. This was an increase of 588 persons since 2018. The City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2020 population of 12,278,210, or about 18 percent of the population of France. [267] A brasserie originally was a tavern located next to a brewery, which served beer and food at any hour. It provides health care, teaching, research, prevention, education and emergency medical service in 52 branches of medicine. In recent developments, a 1974–2010 building height limitation of 37 metres (121 ft) was raised to 50 m (160 ft) in central areas and 180 metres (590 ft) in some of Paris' peripheral quarters, yet for some of the city's more central quarters, even older building-height laws still remain in effect. [324] Some of the most famous people in the world are buried in Parisian cemeteries, such as Oscar Wilde and Serge Gainsbourg among others. Paris received 38 million visitors in 2019, measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and China. The Louvre in the world's premiere art gallery. [241] It is also a city of small bookstores. [49], Paris was the centre of an explosion of philosophic and scientific activity known as the Age of Enlightenment. There are 440 km (270 mi) of cycle paths and routes in Paris. [32] From the Capetian dynasty that began with the 987 election of Hugh Capet, Count of Paris and Duke of the Franks (duc des Francs), as king of a unified Francia, Paris gradually became the largest and most prosperous city in France.[30]. Here are the average temperatures. Réception du Carrousel du Louvre Inside the Carrousel du Louvre shopping complex, this partner of Paris' tourist office has tourist information including maps, and can book taxis and accommodation, though it doesn't sell tickets/passes. Two UEFA Champions League Finals in the current century have also been played in the Stade de France: the 2000 and 2006 editions. The most prestigious names of French and foreign sculptors, who made their reputation in Paris in the modern era, are Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World), Auguste Rodin, Camille Claudel, Antoine Bourdelle, Paul Landowski (statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro) and Aristide Maillol. Here’s where to find the main locations in the series and see Paris through Emily Cooper’s eyes! In March 2001, Bertrand Delanoë became the first Socialist Mayor of Paris. [194] While the Paris economy is dominated by services, and employment in manufacturing sector has declined sharply, the region remains an important manufacturing centre, particularly for aeronautics, automobiles, and "eco" industries. Its capital is Paris, one of the most important cultural and commercial centers in the world. The population development of Paris as well as related information and services (weather, Wikipedia, Google, images). [281] Other academic libraries include Interuniversity Pharmaceutical Library, Leonardo da Vinci University Library, Paris School of Mines Library, and the René Descartes University Library.[282]. [91], On 3 February 2017, a two-backpack-carrying, machete-wielding attacker shouting "Allahu Akbar" attacked soldiers guarding the Louvre museum after they stopped him because of his bags; the assailant was shot, and no explosives were found. Getting Around: The easiest way to get around in Paris is by using the underground Metro system. [15] The football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris. Home → Europe → France → Paris. Political violence is uncommon, though very large demonstrations may occur in Paris and other French cities simultaneously. The prestigious public universities are usually considered grands établissements. [177] According to a 2011 survey by the IFOP, a French public opinion research organisation, 61 percent of residents of the Paris Region (Île-de-France) identified themselves as Roman Catholic. [61] At the beginning of the century, artists from around the world including Pablo Picasso, Modigliani, and Henri Matisse made Paris their home. Paris' urbanism laws have been under strict control since the early 17th century,[142] particularly where street-front alignment, building height and building distribution is concerned.

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