Romulus, so‐called Augustulus (“the little Augustus”), is commonly viewed as the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire. The hapless ex-emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was still present in Ravenna, and Odoacer rid himself of the boy by exiling him. With the capital of Ravenna under his control, Orestes appointed his son Romulus to the throne despite the lack of support from the eastern court in Constantinople. His reign was purely nominal. His reign was purely nominal. Cassiodorus, then a secretary to Theodoric the Great, wrote a letter in 507 to a "Romulus" confirming a pension. Zeno pointed out that the Senate should rightfully have first requested that Julius Nepos take the throne once more, but he nonetheless agreed to their requests as a fait accompli. Many historians have noted the coincidence that the last western emperor bore the names of both Romulus, the legendary founder and first king of Rome, and Augustus, the first emperor. Romulus Augustus (Augustulus was a nickname) was deposed by Odoacer, a barbarian and a military commander of troops allied with the Romans. However, few of Nepos' contemporaries were willing to support his cause after he had fled to Dalmatia. The future emperor was named Romulus after his maternal grandfather. -- so he wasn't the figurehead … , The ultimate fate of Romulus is a mystery. , Orestes was appointed Magister militum by Julius Nepos in 475. Neither Zeno nor Basiliscus, the two generals fighting for the eastern throne at the time of Romulus's accession, accepted him as ruler. This article was most recently revised and updated by Charly Rimsa, Research Editor. 23. 1), & the Anonymous Valesani Pars posterior (8.37) -- so it would be accurate to refer to him as "Augustulus" Romulus Augustus' power base was actually at Ravenna (Anon. Romulus, however, was little more than a child and figurehead for his father's rule. He is often described as the "last Western Roman emperor", though some historians consider this to be Julius Nepos. Ruled: 31 October AD 475 – 4 September AD 476. Romulus Augustus (khoảng năm 461/463 - sau năm 476, trước năm 488) là vị Hoàng đế cuối cùng của Đế chế Tây La Mã, trị vì từ ngày 31 tháng 10 năm 475 đến ngày 4 tháng 9 năm 476.Việc ông bị phế truất bởi Odoacer, một thủ lĩnh bộ tộc German, đã đánh dấu sự … He was born Flavius Romulus to Flavius Orestes, a Roman politician considered to be at least partly of Germanic descent. Romulus’ father was originally from Pannonia and served as a secretary and diplomat for Attila the Hun. After seizing control of Ravenna, Odoacer sent the former emperor to live in the Castellum Lucullanum in Campania, after which he disappears from the historical record. He was the son of Orestes, a Roman who once served as a secretary in the court of Attila the Hun before coming into the service of Julius Nepos in AD 475. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders Try Prime Cart. Romulus Augustulus, in full Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustulus, (flourished 5th century ad ), known to history as the last of the Western Roman emperors (475–476). [Source] Romulus Augustus (Latin: Romulus Augustus ; born c. AD 461 – died after AD 476, and was apparently still alive as late as 507) was an emperor (alleged usurper) reigning over the Western Roman Empire from 31 October AD 475 until 4 September AD 476. Orestes was appointed "master of soldiers" by Western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos in 475.On August 28, 475, a coup d'état led by Orestes … Das Oströmische (oder Byzantinische) Reich hingegen überdauerte die Kris… Kaiser sterben nicht im Bett : die etwas andere Geschichte der römischen Kaiserzeit ; von Caesar bis Romulus Augustulus (44 v. Chr. His original surname was Augustus, but it was changed to the diminutive because he was still a child when his father, after driving the Western emperor Julius Nepos from Italy, elevated him to the throne on October 31, 475. Get this from a library! Share your thoughts, experiences and the tales behind the art. Flavius Romulus Augustus (c. 460 – after 476, possibly still alive as late as 507), known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was Roman emperor of the West from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476. Shortly after coming to the new post, Orestes organized a rebellion and seized Ravenna, the capital of the Western Empire sin… His father, the general Orestes , deposed Julius Nepos and proclaimed Romulus Augustulus emperor.  When Orestes refused, the tribes revolted under the leadership of the Scirian chieftain Odoacer. In reality, the… Romulus Augustus, známý rovněž jako Romulus Augustulus, byl poslední západořímský císař, vládnoucí od 31. října 475 do 4. září 476.Romulův předchůdce Julius Nepos jmenoval jeho otce Oresta do čela vojska. Flavius Romulus Augustus (c. 460 – after 476, possibly still alive as late as 507), known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was Roman emperor of the West from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476. In the same year he was promoted to the rank of magister militum, but then led a military revolt that forced Nepos to flee into exile.  The future emperor was named Romulus after his maternal grandfather, a nobleman from Poetovio in Noricum. Flavius Romulus Augustus (460s/470s – after 511), often called Romulus Augustulus, was the last of the Western Roman Emperors.. He is often described as the last Western Roman emperor, though some historians consider this to be Julius Nepos. - 476 n. Romulus Augustulus. Omissions?  The 2007 film The Last Legion, and the novel on which it is based, includes a heavily fictionalized account of the reign and subsequent life of Romulus Augustus; escaping captivity with the aid of a small band of loyal Romans, he reaches Britain, where he eventually becomes Uther Pendragon. The last Western Roman Emperor was proclaimed ruler on October 31, 475 when he was very young. Books.  Orestes, however, refused to become emperor, "from some secret motive", said historian Edward Gibbon. He came to power after the overthrow of Julius Nepos (q.v.). Rome had already lost its hegemony over the provinces, Germanic peoples dominated the Roman army, and Germanic generals like Odoacer had long been the real powers behind the throne.  The name Romulus was also changed derisively to Momyllus meaning "little disgrace".. Although he, as all other emperors, adopted the name Augustus upon his accession, he is better remembered by his derisive nickname Augustulus. The administration was carried on cautiously and shrewdly by Orestes. , This article is about the Roman emperor. Romulus was the son of the Western empire’s master of soldiers Orestes. On account of the boy's youth (he was only thirteen years old) he was called Augustulus, the little emperor. 476 endete daher das weströmische Kaisertum (ob in diesem Jahr auch Westrom endete, ist, wie gesagt, umstritten).  While Zeno told the Senate that Nepos was their lawful sovereign, he did not press the point and accepted the imperial insignia brought to him by the Senate.  Instead, he installed his son on the throne on 31 October 475. Orestes ruled for a year in his son's name. Several months after Ores…  Jordanes and Marcellinus Comes say Odoacer exiled Romulus to Campania but do not mention any financial support from the Germanic king. Romulus ƿæs cildcyning, abanned Cāsere þæs ƿestdǣl þæs Rōmāniscan Rīce æfter his fæder Orestes adrāf Iulius Nepos Cāsere of Italie in 475. Romulus was the son of the Western empire’s master of soldiers Orestes. Romulus was compelled to abdicate the throne on 4 September 476. ), who reigned from 475 476. Later, he raised to the ranks of the Roman army. But Cassiodorus does not supply any details about his correspondent or the size and nature of his pension, and Jordanes, whose history of the period abridges an earlier work by Cassiodorus, makes no mention of a pension. Orestes was captured near Piacenza on 28 August 476 and swiftly executed. Romulus Augustulus rŏm´yo͞oləs ôgŭs´tyo͝oləs , d. after 476, last Roman emperor of the West (475–76).  The letter would match the description of Odoacer's coup in the Anonymus Valesianus, and Romulus could have been alive in the early sixth century. Romulus Augustus was a 16-year-old minor at the time. This act has been cited as the end of the Western Roman Empire, although Romulus's deposition did not cause any significant disruption at the time. Flavius Romulus Augustus (c. AD 460 – after AD 476; possibly still alive as late as AD 507), known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was the Roman emperor who ruled the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476.  Thomas Hodgkin, a translator of Cassiodorus' works, wrote in 1886 that it was "surely possible" the Romulus in the letter was the same person as the last western emperor. Only one year after his accession to the throne the Germanic general Odoaker removed the teenager and banished him to an estate near Naples. He is often described as the last Western Roman emperor, though some historians consider this to be Julius Nepos. He is widely known by the dispar… Romulus Augustus was the son of Orestes who once had been an assistant to Attila the Hun, and who had at times been sent on diplomatic visits to Constantinople. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Flavius Romulus Augustus (c. AD 460 – after AD 476; possibly still alive as late as AD 507), known derisively and historiographically as Romulus Augustulus, was the Roman emperor who ruled the Western Roman Empire from 31 October 475 until 4 September 476. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.  Several months after Orestes took power, a coalition of Heruli, Scirian, and Turcilingi mercenaries demanded that he give them a third of the land in Italy. Nepos maintained a claim to the position until he was murdered in 480. Died: Unknown – Romulus possibly died sometime in the early sixth century. … Orestes became Magister militum because of the decision of Julius Nepos in 475. Shortly after his appointment, Orestes launched a rebellion and captured Ravenna, the capital of the Western Roman Empire since 402, on 28 August 475. Romulus oli tuolloin 14-vuotias, ja Orestes käytti poikaansa nukkehallitsijana. , Odoacer advanced on Ravenna, capturing the city and the young emperor after the short and decisive Battle of Ravenna. Some historians regard Julius Nepos, who ruled in Dalmatia until he was murdered in 480, as the last lawful Western Roman Emperor. Romulus Augustus (formentlig født omkring 461 e.Kr., død efter år 511 e.Kr.) Chr.). [Fik Meijer] Imperial authority had retreated to the Italian borders and parts of southern Gaul: Italia and Gallia Narbonensis, respectively. Skip to main content.
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